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What am I investigating?

My research explores patterns of life in deep-sea environments, which face increasing impacts from climate change, pollution, and extraction of resources. By studying island-like seafloor habitats such as hydrothermal vents, my work investigates ecology ("who does what"), biogeography ("who lives where"), and evolution ("who is related to whom") in the deep ocean.

I'm based at the University of Southampton, and I'm also a Scientific Associate of the Natural History Museum in London and a National Geographic Explorer. My work includes advising policymakers on the protection of deep-sea habitats, and I'm currently an Advisory Board member for the international Deep Ocean Stewardship Initiative (DOSI). I was previously a Co-Chair of the InterRidge organisation for international cooperation in research at mid-ocean ridges.



Short film with colleagues around the world for the Deep Ocean Stewardship Initiative

Research topics

My recent projects have explored four areas:

* East Scotia Ridge, Southern Ocean

* Mid-Cayman Spreading Centre, Caribbean

* Mid-Atlantic Ridge north of the Azores

* the SW Indian Ridge


Map of environments explored & species described
Map of environments explored & species described
(click to expand...)



My work in these areas covers three main topics
(and for a full list of research papers, please see Publications):


(1) Global biogeography of deep-sea chemosynthetic environments

(e.g. Thomas et al., 2020; Linse et al., 2019; Chapman et al., 2019; Chen et al., 2017; Copley et al., 2016; Anderson et al., 2016; Chen et al., 2015a; Roterman et al., 2013; Connelly et al., 2012; Rogers et al., 2012; Copley et al. 2007a)


Why do we find particular species of animals at hydrothermal vents and cold seeps in some regions but not elsewhere? Why are some types of animals more widespread than others at hydrothermal vents and cold seeps around the world? Answering these questions gives us a better understanding of how species disperse and evolve in deep-sea environments, by using these island-like habitats as a model system. This work involves describing new species from the areas we are exploring, and analysing their genetics to determine how they are related to other species elsewhere.


Here are some of the new species that my colleagues and I have described from expeditions:
* Pachycara caribbaeum Anderson, Somerville & Copley 2016 (deep-sea eelpout fish)
* Gigantopelta chessoia & Gigantopelta aegis Chen et al. 2015b ("giant" peltospirid snails)
* Paulasterias tyleri Mah et al. 2015 (seven-armed seastar)
* Chrysomallon squamiferum Chen, Linse, Copley & Rogers 2015 ("scaly-foot" snail)
* Osedax rogersi & Osedax crouchi Amon et al. 2014 (bone-eating "zombie" worms)
* Lebbeus virentova Nye, Copley, Plouviez & Van Dover 2013 ("green goolie" shrimp)
* Rimicaris hybisae Nye, Copley & Plouviez 2012 (world's deepest known vent shrimp)


(2) Spatial & temporal dynamics of faunal assemblages in insular & ephemeral deep-sea habitats

(e.g. Reid et al., 2020; Amon et al., 2017; Copley et al., 2016; Amon et al., 2013; Marsh et al., 2013; Marsh et al., 2012; Copley et al., 2007b; Copley et al., 1999; Copley et al., 1997)


Within a habitat such as a cluster of hydrothermal vents, why are some species abundant in particular places, such as on "black smoker" vent chimneys, while other species thrive elsewhere, such as at the edge of the vent cluster? Answering questions like these gives us a better understanding of how species adapt to different conditions in deep-sea environments, which often involves their partnerships with microbes – the holobiont perspective of life that has revolutionised biology. But unfortunately we cannot survey intricate patterns of life in ocean-floor habitats as easily as ecologists do on rocky shores, so we are developing new techniques to study the microdistributions of deep-sea animals, using high-definition digital imagery and precision-controlled remotely operated vehicles (ROVs).


'Black & White' chimney, E9 Vent Field, Southern Ocean 'Carwash' chimney, E9 Vent Field, Southern Ocean 'Ivory Towers' chimney, E9 Vent Field, Southern Ocean

Hydrothermal vent chimneys
(click to expand...)


(3) Life-history biology of species in deep-sea habitats

(e.g. Georgieva et al., 2020; Chen et al., 2018; Roterman et al., 2016; Amon et al., 2015; Marsh et al., 2015; Nye & Copley, 2014; Nye et al., 2013; Copley et al., 2007b; Copley & Young, 2006; Copley et al., 2003)


How do animals disperse between island-like habitats such as hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor? The species we find in these habitats seem to have a variety of life cycles, types of larval development, and reproductive patterns. But are some features of their life-history biology "preadaptations" for success in these patchy environments? And what are the consequences of differences in life-history biology for population connectivity and ultimately biogeography? Answering these questions helps us to understand – and perhaps predict – how populations of different deep-sea species may be vulnerable or resilient to impacts from human activities such as deep-sea mining. Work in this area involves characterising the life-cycles of animals from hydrothermal vents and other deep-sea habitats, in conjunction with studies of the genetics of their populations by colleagues around the world.


Research papers


(underlined names below indicate current / former supervised students / research team members)


2021


Chen C, Han Y, Copley J & Zhou Y (2021). A new peltospirid snail (Gastropoda: Neomphalida) adds to the unique biodiversity of Longqi vent field, Southwest Indian Ridge. Journal of Natural History, 55: 851-866, doi:10.1080/00222933.2021.1923851.



Howell K, Hilario A, Allcock L, Bailey D, Baker M, Clark M, Colaço A, Copley J, Cordes E, Danovaro R, Dissanayake A, Escobar E, Esquete P, Gallagher A, Gates A, Gaudron S, German C, Gjerde K, Higgs N, Le Bris N, Levin L, Manea E, McClain C, Menot L, Mestre N, Metaxas A, Milligan R, Muthumbi A, Narayanaswamy B, Ramalho S, Ramirez-Llodra E, Robson L, Rogers A, Sellanes J, Sigwart J, Sink K, Snelgrove P, Stefanoudis P, Sumida P, Taylor M, Thurber A, Rui Vieira P, Watanabe H, Woodall L & Xavier J (2021). A decade to study deep-sea life. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 5: 265-267, doi:10.1038/s41559-020-01352-5.



2020


Howell K, Hilario A, Allcock L, Bailey D, Baker M, Clark M, Colaço A, Copley J, Cordes E, Danovaro R, Dissanayake A, Escobar E, Esquete P, Gallagher A, Gates A, Gaudron S, German C, Gjerde K, Higgs N, Le Bris N, Levin L, Manea E, McClain C, Menot L, Mestre N, Metaxas A, Milligan R, Muthumbi A, Narayanaswamy B, Ramalho S, Ramirez-Llodra E, Robson L, Rogers A, Sellanes J, Sigwart J, Sink K, Snelgrove P, Stefanoudis P, Sumida P, Taylor M, Thurber A, Rui Vieira P, Watanabe H, Woodall L & Xavier J (2020). A blueprint for an inclusive, global deep-sea Ocean Decade field programme. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7: 584861, doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.584861 (open access).


Thomas EA, Liu R, Amon D, Copley JT, Glover AG, Helyar SJ, Olu K, Wiklund H, Zhang H & Sigwart JD (2020). Chiridota heheva - the cosmopolitan holothurian. Marine Biodiversity, 50: 110, doi:10.1007/s12526-020-01128-x (open access).



Reid WDK, Wigham BD, Marsh L, Weston JNJ, Zhu Y & Copley JT (2020). Trophodynamics at the Longqi hydrothermal vent field and comparison with the East Scotia and Central Indian Ridges. Marine Biology, 167: 141, doi:10.1007/s00227-020-03755-1 (open access).



Georgieva MN, Taboada S, Riesgo A, Díez-Vives C, De Leo FC, Jeffreys RM, Copley J, Little CTS, Ríos P, Cristobo J, Hestetun JT & Glover AG (2020). Evidence of vent-adaptation in sponges living at the periphery of hydrothermal vent environments: ecological and evolutionary implications. Frontiers in Microbiology, 11: 1636, doi:10.3389/fmicb.2020.01636 (open access).



2019


Linse K, Copley JT, Connelly DP, Larter RD, Pearce DA, Polunin NVC, Rogers AD, Chen C, Clarke A, Glover AG, Graham AGC, Huvenne VAI, Marsh L, Reid WDK, Roterman CN, Sweeting CJ, Zwirglmaier K & Tyler PA (2019). The fauna of the Kemp Caldera and its upper bathyal hydrothermal vents (South Sandwich Arc, Antarctica). Royal Society Open Science, 6: 191501, doi:10.1098/rsos.191501 (open access).



Linse K, Nye V (joint lead authors), Copley JT & Chen C (2019). On the systematics and ecology of two new species of Provanna (Abyssochrysoidea: Provannidae) from deep-sea hydrothermal vents in the Caribbean Sea and Southern Ocean. Journal of Molluscan Studies, eyz024, doi:10.1093/mollus/eyz024.



Chapman A, Beaulieu S, Colaco A, Gebruk A, Hilario A, Kihara T, Ramirez-Llodra E, Sarrazin J, Tunnicliffe V, Amon D, Baker M, Boschen-Rose R, Chen C, Cooper I, Copley J, Corbari L, Cordes E, Cuvelier D, Duperron S, Du Preez C, Gollner S, Horton T, Hourdez S, Krylova E, Linse K, LokaBharathi PA, Marsh L, Matabos M, Mills S, Mullineaux L, Rapp H-T, Reid W, Rybakova (Goroslavskaya) E, Thomas T, Southgate S, Stohr S, Turner P, Watanabe H, Yasuhara M, Bates A (2019). sFDvent: a global trait database for deep-sea hydrothermal vent fauna, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 28: 1538-1551, doi:10.1111/geb.12975 (open access).


Fielding S, Copley JT & Mills RA (2019). Exploring Our Oceans: using the global classroom to develop ocean literacy. Frontiers In Marine Science, 6: 340, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00340 (open access).


2018


Copley J (2018). Providing evidence of "impact" from public engagement with research: a case study from the UK's Research Excellence Framework (REF). Research For All, 2(2): 230-243, doi:10.18546/RFA.02.2.03 (open access).


Chen C, Marsh L & Copley JT (2018). Is it sex in chains? Potential mating stacks in deep-sea hydrothermal vent snails. Plankton and Benthos Research, 13: 25-17, doi:10.3800/pbr.13.25 (open access).



2017


Chen C, Zhou Y, Wang C & Copley JT (2017). Two new hot-vent peltospirid snails (Gastropoda: Neomphalina) from Longqi hydrothermal field, Southwest Indian Ridge. Frontiers in Marine Science, 4: 392, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2017.00392 (open access).


Amon DJ, Copley JT, Dahlgren TG, Horton T, Kemp KM, Rogers AD & Glover AG (2017). Observations of fauna attending wood and bone deployments from two seamounts on the Southwest Indian Ridge. Deep-Sea Research II, 136: 122-132, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2015.07.003.


2016


Copley JT, Marsh L, Glover AG, Huhnerbach V, Nye VE, Reid WDK, Sweeting CJ, Wigham BD & Wiklund H (2016). Ecology and biogeography of megafauna and macrofauna at the first known deep-sea hydrothermal vents on the ultraslow-spreading Southwest Indian Ridge. Scientific Reports, 6: 38158, doi:10.1038/srep39158 (open access).
Press release



Roterman CN, Copley JT, Linse KT, Tyler PA & Rogers AD (2016). Connectivity in the cold: the comparative population genetics of vent-endemic fauna in the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean. Molecular Ecology, 25: 1073-1088, doi:10.1111/mec.13541.


Chen C, Copley JT, Linse K, Rogers AD & Sigwart JD (2016). Dragon heart and dragon scales: anatomy of the 'scaly-foot gastropod' Chrysomallon squamiferum. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 56: E35 (meeting abstract).


Anderson ME, Somerville R & Copley JT (2016). A new species of Pachycara Zugmayer, 1911 (Teleostei: Zoarcidae) from deep-sea chemosynthetic environments in the Caribbean Sea. Zootaxa, 4066 (1): 071-077, doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4066.1.5 (open access).



2015


Chen C, Linse K, Roterman CN, Copley J & Rogers AD (2015). A new genus of large hydrothermal vent-endemic gastropod (Neomphalina: Peltospiridae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 175: 319-335, doi:10.1111/zoj.12279.



Chen C, Copley JT, Linse K & Rogers AD (2015). Low connectivity between 'scaly-foot gastropod' (Mollusca: Peltospiridae) populations at hydrothermal vents on the Southwest Indian Ridge and the Central Indian Ridge. Organisms Diversity and Evolution, 15: 663-670, doi:10.1007/s13127-015-0224-8.


Chen C, Copley JT, Linse K, Rogers AD & Sigwart JD (2015). The heart of a dragon: 3D anatomical reconstruction of the 'scaly-foot' gastropod (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Neomphalina) reveals its extraordinary circulatory system. Frontiers in Zoology, 12: 13, doi:10.1186/s12983-015-0105-1 (open access).



Mah C, Linse K, Copley J, Marsh L, Rogers A, Clague D & Foltz D (2015). Description of a new family, new genus, and two new species of deep-sea Forcipulatacea (Asteroidea), including the first known sea-star from hydrothermal vent habitats. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 174: 93-113, doi:10.1111/zoj.12229.
Press release



Chen C, Linse K, Copley JT & Rogers AD (2015). The 'scaly-foot gastropod': a new genus and species of hydrothermal vent-endemic gastropod (Neomphalina: Peltospiridae) from the Indian Ocean. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 81: 322-334, doi:10.1093/mollus/eyv013 (open access).



Amon DJ, Sykes D, Ahmed F, Copley JT, Kemp KM, Tyler PA, Young C & Glover AG (2015). Burrow forms, growth rates and feeding rates of wood-boring Xylophagaidae bivalves revealed by micro-computed tomography. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2: 10, doi:10.3389/fmars.2015.00010 (open access).



Marsh L, Copley J, Tyler PA & Thatje S (2015). In hot and cold water: differential life-history traits are key to success in contrasting thermal deep-sea environments. Journal of Animal Ecology, 84: 898-913, doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12337 (open access).
Press release



Chen C, Copley J, Linse K, Rogers A & Sigwart J (2015). How the mollusc got its scales: convergent evolution of the molluscan scleritome. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 114: 949-954, doi:10.1111/bij.12462.


2014


Nye VE & Copley JT (2014). The reproductive biology of Lebbeus virentova (Caridea: Hippolytidae) at the Von Damm Vent Field, Mid-Cayman Speading Centre, Caribbean. Marine Biology, 161: 2371-2380, doi:10.1007/s00227-014-2512-9.


Van Dover C, Bell K, Marsh L, German C, John B, Cheadle M, Vecchione M, Amon D, Ball B, Copley J, Smart C, Fuller S, Phillips B, Cantner K, Auscavitch S & Ballard B (2014). Exploration of the Mid-Cayman Rise. Oceanography, 27: 32-33.


Amon DJ, Wiklund H, Dahlgren T, Copley JT, Smith CR, Jamieson AJ, & Glover AG (2014). Molecular taxonomy of Osedax (Annelida: Siboglinidae) in the Southern Ocean. Zoologica Scripta, 4: 405-417, doi:10.1111/zsc.12057.



2013


Wheeler A, Murton B, Copley J, Lim A, Carlsson J, Collins P, Dorschel B, Green D, Judge M, Nye V, Benzie J, Antoniacomi A, Coughlan M & Morris K (2013). Moytirra: discovery of the first known deep-sea hydrothermal vent field on the slow-spreading Mid-Atlantic Ridge north of the Azores. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 14: 4170-4184, doi:10.1002/ggge.20243.


Collins PC, Kennedy B, Copley JT, Boschen RE, Fleming N, Forde J, Se-Jong J, Lindsay D, Marsh L, Nye VE, Patterson A, Watanabe H, Yamamoto H, Carlsson J & Thaler AD (2013). VentBase: Developing a consensus among stakeholders in the deep-sea regarding environmental impact assessment for deep-sea mining - a workshop report. Marine Policy, 42: 334-336, doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2013.03.002.


Roterman CN, Copley JT, Linse KT, Tyler PA & Rogers AD (2013). The biogeography of the yeti crabs (Kiwaidae) with notes on the phylogeny of the Chirostyloidea (Decapoda: Anomura). Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 280: 2013718, doi:0.1098/rspb.2013.0718 (open access).
Press release


Nye VE, Copley JT, Linse K & Plouviez S (2013). Iheyaspira bathycodon new species (Vetigastropoda: Trochoidea: Turbinidae: Skeneinae) from the Von Damm Vent Field, Mid-Cayman Spreading Centre, Caribbean. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 94: 1017-1024, doi:10.1017/S002531541200082 (full pdf available here; publication is (c) Cambridge University Press).


Nye VE, Copley JT, Plouviez S & Van Dover CL (2013). A new species of Lebbeus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Hippolytidae) from the Von Damm Vent Field, Caribbean Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 93: 741-751, doi:10.1017/S0025315412000884 (full pdf available here; publication is (c) Cambridge University Press).



Roterman CN, Copley JT, Linse KT, Tyler PA & Rogers AD (2013). Development of polymorphic microsatellite loci for three species of vent-endemic megafauna from deep-sea hydrothermal vents in the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean. Conservation Genetics Resources, doi:10.1007/s12686-013-9921-9.


Nye VE, Copley JT & Tyler PA (2013). Spatial variation in the population structure and reproductive biology of Rimicaris hybisae (Caridea: Alvinocarididae) at hydrothermal vents on the Mid-Cayman Spreading Centre. PLoS ONE, 8(3): e60319, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060319 (open access).



Nye VE, Copley JT & Linse K (2013). A new species of Eualus Thallwitz, 1891 and new record of Lebbeus antarcticus (Hale, 1941) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Hippolytidae) from the Scotia Sea. Deep-Sea Research II, 92: 145-156, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.01.022.


Marsh L, Copley JT, Huvenne VAI, Tyler PA & the NERC Deep-Platforms Team (2013). Getting the bigger picture: using precision Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) videography to construct high-definition mosaic images of newly discovered deep-sea hydrothermal vents in the Southern Ocean. Deep-Sea Research II, 92: 124-135, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.02.007.


Amon DJ, Glover AG, Wiklund H, Marsh L, Linse K, Rogers AD & Copley JT (2013). The discovery of a natural whale fall in the Antarctic deep sea. Deep-Sea Research II, 92: 87-96, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.01.028.
Press release



Boschen RE, Tyler PA & Copley JT (2013). Distribution, population structure, reproduction and diet of Ophiolimna antarctica (Lyman, 1879) from Kemp Caldera in the Southern Ocean. Deep-Sea Research II, 92: 27-35, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.02.005.


Aquilina A, Connelly DP, Copley JT, Green DRH, Hawkes JA, Hepburn LE, Huvenne VAI, Marsh L, Mills RA & Tyler PA (2013). Geochemical and visual indicators of hydrothermal fluid flow through a sediment-hosted volcanic ridge in the central Bransfield Basin. PLoS ONE, 8(1): e54686, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054686 (open access).


2012


Marsh L, Copley JT, Huvenne VAI, Linse K, Reid WDK, Rogers AD, Sweeting CJ & Tyler PA (2012). Microdistribution of faunal assemblages at deep-sea hydrothermal vents in the Southern Ocean. PLoS ONE, 7(10): e48348, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0048348 (open access).



Nye V, Copley J & Plouviez S (2012). A new species of Rimicaris (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Alvinocarididae) from hydrothermal vent fields on the Mid-Cayman Spreading Centre, Caribbean. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 92: 1057-1072, doi:10.1017/S0025315411002001 (full pdf available here; publication is © Cambridge University Press).



Connelly DP, Copley JT (joint lead authors), Murton BJ, Stansfield K, Tyler PA, German CR, Van Dover CL, Amon D, Furlong M, Grindlay N, Hayman N, Huhnerbach V, Judge M, Le Bas T, McPhail S, Meier A, Nakamura K, Nye VE, Pebody M, Pedersen RB, Plouviez S, Sands C, Searle RC, Stevenson P, Taws S & Wilcox S (2012). Hydrothermal vent fields and chemosynthetic biota on the world's deepest seafloor spreading centre. Nature Communications, 3: 620, doi:10.1038/ncomms1636 (open access).
Press release


Rogers AD, Tyler PA, Connelly DP, Copley JT, James R, Larter RD, Linse K, Mills RA, Naveira-Garabato A, Pancost RD, Pearce DA, Polunin NVC, German CR, Shank T, Alker B, Aquilina A, Bennett SA, Clarke A, Dinley RJJ, Graham AGC, Green D, Hawkes JA, Hepburn L, Hilario A, Huvenne VAI, Marsh L, Ramirez-Llodra E, Reid WDK, Roterman CN, Sweeting CJ, Thatje S & Zwirglmaier K (2012). The discovery of new deep-sea hydrothermal vent communities in the Southern Ocean and implications for biogeography. PLoS Biology, 10(1): e1001234, doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001234 (open access).
Press release


Earlier papers


Cuvelier D, Sarrazin J, Colaco A, Copley J, Glover A, Tyler P, Serrao Santos R & Desbruyeres D (2011). Community dynamics over 14 years at the Eiffel Tower hydrothermal edifice on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Limnology & Oceanography, 56: 1624-1640.


Cuvelier D, Sarradin P-M, Sarrazin J, Colaco A, Copley J, Desbruyeres D, Glover A, Serrao Santos R & Tyler P (2011). Hydrothermal faunal assemblages and habitat characterisation at the Eiffel Tower edifice (Lucky Strike, Mid-Atlantic Ridge). Marine Ecology, 32: 243-255.


Glover AG, Gooday AJ, Bailey BM, Billett DSM, Chevaldonne P, Colaco A, Copley J, Cuvelier D, Desbruyeres D, Kalogeropoulou V, Klages M, Lampadariou N, Lejeusne C, Mestre NC, Paterson GLJ, Perez T, Ruhl H, Sarrazin J, Soltwedel T, Soto EH, Thatje S, Tselepides A, Van Gaever S & Vanreusel A (2010). Temporal change in deep-sea benthic ecosystems: a review of the evidence from recent time-series studies. Advances in Marine Biology, 58: 1-95.


Vanreusel A, Fonseca G, Danavaro R, da Silva M, Esteves A, Ferrero T, Gad G, Galtsova V, Gambi C, da Fonseca Genevois V, Ingels J, Ingole B, Lampadariou N, Merckx B, Miljutin D, Miljutina M, Muthumbi A, Netto S, Portnova D, Radziejewska T, Raes M, Tchesunov A, Vanaverbeke J, Van Gaever S, Venekey V, Bezerra T, Flint H, Copley J, Pape E, Zeppilli D, Martinez P & Galeron J (2010). The contribution of deep-sea microhabitat heterogeneity to global nematode diversity. Marine Ecology, 31: 6-20.


Larkin KE, Ruhl HA, Bagley P, Benn A, Bett BJ, Billett DSM, Boetius A, Chevaldonne P, Colaco A, Copley J, Danovaro R, Escobar-Briones E, Glover A, Gooday AJ, Hughes JA, Kalogeropoulou V, Kitazato H, Kelly-Gerreyn BA, Klages M, Lampadariou N, Lejeusne C, Perez T, Priede IG, Rogers A, Sarradin PM, Sarrazin J, Soltwedel T, Soto EH, Thatje S, Tselepides A, van den Hove S, Tyler PA, Vanreusel A & Wenzhofer F (2010). Benthic biology time-series in the deep sea: indicators of change. In: Hall J, Harrison DE & Stammer D (eds), Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, 2: 599-615 (European Space Agency Special Publication WPP-306).


Cuvelier D, Sarrazin J, Colaco A, Copley J, Desbruyeres D, Glover A, Tyler P & Serrao Santos R (2009). Distribution and spatial variation of hydrothermal faunal assemblages at Lucky Strike (Mid-Atlantic Ridge) revealed by high-resolution video image analysis. Deep-Sea Research I, 56: 2026-2040.


Copley JTP, Flint HC, Ferrero TJ & Van Dover CL (2007). Diversity of meiofauna and free-living nematodes in mussel beds at hydrothermal vents on the northern and southern East Pacific Rise. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 87: 1141-1152, doi:10.1017/S0025315407055956 (full pdf available here; publication is (c) Cambridge University Press).


Copley JT (2007). Audio and video podcasts of lectures for campus-based students: production and evaluation of student use. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 44: 387-399.


Copley JTP, Jorgensen PBK & Sohn RA (2007). Assessment of decadal-scale ecological change at a deep Mid-Atlantic hydrothermal vent and reproductive time-series in the shrimp Rimicaris exoculata. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 87: 859-867, doi:10.1017/S0025315407056512 (full pdf available here; publication is (c) Cambridge University Press).



Flint HC, Copley JTP, Ferrero TJ & Van Dover CL (2006). Patterns of nematode diversity at hydrothermal vents on the East Pacific Rise. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 47: 365-370.


Copley JTP & Young CM (2006). Seasonality and zonation in the reproductive biology and population structure of the shrimp Alvinocaris stactophila (Caridea: Alvinocarididae) at a Louisiana Slope cold seep. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 315: 199-209, doi:10.3354/meps315199


Tappin DR, Tyler P, Moran K, Copley J & McMurty G (2006). Dating submarine mass failures and relationships to tsunami generation: the use of multibeam bathymetry and seabed images, examples from the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 8: 9175 (meeting abstract).


Copley JTP, Tyler PA, Van Dover CL & Philp S (2003). Spatial variation in the reproductive biology of Paralvinella palmiformis (Polychaeta: Alvinellidae) from a vent field on Juan de Fuca Ridge. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 255: 171-181, doi:10.3354/meps225171


Allen CE, Copley JT & Tyler P (2001). Lipid partitioning in the hydrothermal vent shrimp Rimicaris exoculata. PSZNI: Marine Ecology, 22: 241-253.


Ramirez Llodra E, Tyler PA & Copley JTP (2000). Reproductive biology of three caridean shrimp, Rimicaris exoculata, Chorocaris chacei and Mirocaris fortunata (Caridea: Decapoda), from hydrothermal vents. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 80: 473-484.


Copley JTP, Tyler PA, Van Dover CL, Schultz A, Dickson P, Singh S & Sulanowska M (1999). Subannual temporal variation in faunal distributions at the TAG hydrothermal mound (26N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge). PSZNI: Marine Ecology, 20: 291-306.


Copley JTP, Tyler PA, Murton BJ & Van Dover CL (1997). Spatial and interannual variation in the faunal distribution at Broken Spur vent field (29N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge). Marine Biology, 129: 723-733.



Old school: video mosaic of a hydrothermal vent chimney, c. 1994


Copley JTP, Tyler PA, Sheader M, Murton BJ & German CR (1996). Megafauna from sublittoral to abyssal depths along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge south of Iceland. Oceanologica Acta, 19: 549-559.



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